Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most famous freedom fighters in the history of mankind. He led India in its struggle for freedom against the British rule. India and the rest of the world remember him fondly as Gandhiji or Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on October 2nd 1869 in Porbandar,Gujarat. When he grew, Gandhiji traveled to London to study law after which he accepted a job in South Africa. During a train travel in South Africa, on request of a white passenger, Gandhiji was thrown out of a train even though he had a first class ticket. He then decided he would never tolerate racial discrimination at the hands of white people.
Gandhiji returned to India and became very involved in the India’s freedom struggle against British rulers. He always followed non-violent methods of protests like fasts and marches. His most famous march was ‘Dandi march‘ to protest against Britishers for making simple thing like ‘salt’ expensive.
Gandhiji promoted ‘Cottage industries’ which meant small groups of people working from home making their own clothes. He felt it was unfair on the part of British Government that they bought raw cotton at low prices from Indian farmers. Then they manufactured cotton clothes in their factories only to sell them back to Indians at very high price.
Mahatma Gandhi later launched the ‘Quit India movement’ against the British. Finally, India received independence on 15th August 1947 from the British.
He is dearly known by all Indians as “Bapu“ and also ”Father of the nation.“